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Der biologische Fachbegriff monotypisch besagt, dass innerhalb einer Gruppe in der biologischen Systematik nur ein einziger Typus vorkommt. Es gibt somit zum Beispiel monotypische Familien, Gattungen, Untergattungen etc.
In der Zoologie wird auch eine Familie mit einer einzigen Gattung, die jedoch mehrere Arten enthält, als monotypisch bezeichnet, da die Gattung der Typus für eine Familie ist. In der Botanik wird der Begriff monotypisch hingegen enger gefasst, die Familie ist hier nicht monotypisch, da sie mehrere, durch Typusbelege bestimmte Arten enthält. Man spricht in der Botanik in diesem Fall daher von einer monogenerischen Familie.
Die Hierarchieebenen in der biologischen Taxonomie werden in der Regel eingeführt, um eine Gruppe von Organismen, die eine Reihe gemeinsamer Merkmale besitzen, zusammenzufassen. Arten, die sehr speziell sind, werden oft in eigene Gattungen, Familien oder sogar höhere Taxa eingeordnet. Eine derartige Gruppe wird dann monotypisch genannt, um ihren speziellen Status zu betonen.
Das höchste monotypische Taxon stellen die Nanoarchaeota dar, eine eigene Abteilung der Archaeen mit der einzigen Art Nanoarchaeum equitans.

Porsche@Startup Autobahn

Porsche@Startup Autobahn 1563577272 310x205 - Porsche@Startup Autobahn

Discover the universe from the back seat of a Porsche: at the Startup Autobahn Expo Day this Tuesday in Stuttgart's Wagenhallen venue, the sports car manufacturer and the startup “holoride” will show what entertainment could look like in the future for passengers in a Porsche. The aim of the joint …

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BMW Autonomous Driving – Level 4 and Level 5

BMW Autonomous Driving – Level 4 and Level 5 1563577274 310x205 - BMW Autonomous Driving – Level 4 and Level 5

BMW offered a preview of its next-gen autonomous driving systems at the NextGen conference. The video below shows a BMW driving itself and this is one of the several hundred such cars that have been doing tests on public roads around in certain cities around the world for quite some …

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The new BMW X3 M Competition @ New York

The new BMW X3 M Competition @ New York 1563577286 310x205 - The new BMW X3 M Competition @ New York

BMW M GmbH expanded its high-performance model line-up to include models in the mid-size Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV) and Sports Activity Coupe (SAC) segments for the first time. The BMW X3 M and BMW X4 M set the benchmark for dynamic excellence, agility and precision in their respective classes. Also …

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The new Audi A4 Trailer

The new Audi A4 Trailer 1563577290 310x205 - The new Audi A4 Trailer

The A4 represents the core of the brand - after four years in the making, Audi has made the successful midsize model even tauter and sportier. Its exterior is integrated into the brand's new design language; the large MMI touch display offers the kind of operating experience customers will be …

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The all-new BMW 1 Series Exterior Design

The all new BMW 1 Series Exterior Design 1563577288 310x205 - The all-new BMW 1 Series Exterior Design

The arrival of the all-new BMW 1-Series heralds the dawn of a new era. The third generation of the successful premium compact model draws back the curtain on the new BMW front-wheel-drive architecture, which fuses BMW's signature driving pleasure and dynamic excellence with a significant increase in interior space. Sporty, …

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The all-new BMW 1 Series Design Preview

The all new BMW 1 Series Design Preview 1563577284 310x205 - The all-new BMW 1 Series Design Preview

The arrival of the all-new BMW 1-Series heralds the dawn of a new era. The third generation of the successful premium compact model draws back the curtain on the new BMW front-wheel-drive architecture, which fuses BMW's signature driving pleasure and dynamic excellence with a significant increase in interior space. Sporty, …

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G7 ministers agree plan on digital tax but more work ahead

G7 ministers agree plan on digital tax but more work ahead 1563505327 310x205 - G7 ministers agree plan on digital tax but more work ahead

Ministers from G7 top economies on Thursday reached consensus on steps towards an accord on taxing digital giants, an issue that has divided the United States and its allies Britain and France. French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire, who hosted the two-day meeting in Chantilly outside Paris, hailed the consensus …

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Audi S4 Avant TDI in Daytona Grey Driving Video

Audi S4 Avant TDI in Daytona Grey Driving Video 1563490895 310x205 - Audi S4 Avant TDI in Daytona Grey Driving Video

For the first time, both S models in the A4 family are using a V6 diesel engine - the Audi S4 Sedan TDI and the S4 Avant TDI. The 3.0 TDI produces 255 kW (347 metric hp) of power and up to 700 Nm (516.3 lb-ft) of torque. A mild …

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